prsect

Mapdl.prsect(rho='', kbr='', **kwargs)

Calculates and prints linearized stresses along a section path.

APDL Command: PRSECT

Parameters
rho

In-plane (X-Y) average radius of curvature of the inside and outside surfaces of an axisymmetric section. If zero (or blank), a plane or 3-D structure is assumed. If nonzero, an axisymmetric structure is assumed. Use any large number (or -1) for an axisymmetric straight section.

kbr

Through-thickness bending stresses key for an axisymmetric analysis (RHO ≠ 0):

0 - Include the thickness-direction bending stresses.

1 - Ignore the thickness-direction bending stresses.

2 - Include the thickness-direction bending stress using the same formula as the Y

(axial direction ) bending stress. Also use the same formula for the shear stress.

Notes

You may choose to linearize the stresses through a section and separate them into categories for various code calculations. PRSECT calculates and reports linearized stresses along a section path. The linearized stresses are also separated into membrane, bending, membrane plus bending, peak, and total stress categories.

First, define your section path using the PATH and PPATH (with the NODE option) commands. Your path must lie entirely within the selected set of elements (that is, there must be no element gaps along the path). PATH and PPATH are used only to retrieve the two end nodes. The path data is not retained. The section path is defined by the two end nodes, and by 47 intermediate points that are automatically determined by linear interpolation in the active display coordinate system [DSYS]. The number and location of the intermediate points are not affected by the number of divisions set by PATH,,,,nDiv.

Your linearized component stress values are obtained by interpolating each element’s average corner nodal values along the section path points within each path element. PRSECT reports the linearized component and principal stresses for each stress category at the beginning, mid-length, and end of the section path. PRPATH can be used to report the total stresses at the intermediate points.

Section paths may be through any set of solid (2-D plane, 2-D axisymmetric or 3-D) elements. However, section paths are usually defined to be through the thickness of the structure and normal to the inner and outer structure surfaces. Section paths (in-plane only) may also be defined for shell element structures. See the Mechanical APDL Theory Reference for details.

If the RHO option is set to indicate the axisymmetric option (non- zero), PRSECT reports the linearized stresses in the section coordinates (SX – along the path, SY – normal to the path, and SZ – hoop direction). If the RHO option is set to indicate the 2-D planar or 3-D option (zero or blank), PRSECT reports the linearized stresses in the active results coordinate system [RSYS]. If the RHO option is zero or blank and either RSYS, SOLU or RSYS, -1 are active, the linearized stresses are calculated and reported in the global Cartesian coordinate system. It is recommended that linearized stress calculations be performed in a rectangular coordinate system. Principal stresses are recalculated from the component stresses and are invariant with the coordinate system as long as SX is in the same direction at all points along the defined path. The PLSECT command displays the linearized stresses in the same coordinate system as reported by PRSECT.

Stress components through the section are linearized by a line integral method and separated into constant membrane stresses, bending stresses varying linearly between end points, and peak stresses (defined as the difference between the actual (total) stress and the membrane plus bending combination).

For nonaxisymmetric structures, the bending stresses are calculated such that the neutral axis is at the midpoint of the path. Axisymmetric results include the effects of both the radius of revolution (automatically determined from the node locations) and the in-plane average radius of curvature of the section surfaces (user input).

For axisymmetric cases, Mechanical APDL calculates the linearized bending stress in the through-thickness direction as the difference between the total outer fiber stress and the membrane stress if KBR = 1. The calculation method may be conservative for locations with a highly nonlinear variation of stress in the through-thickness direction. Alternatively, you can specify KBR = 2 to calculate the bending stress using the same method and formula as the Y (axial direction) bending stress. For more information, see the discussion of axisymmetric cases (specifically Equation: 17–40) in the Mechanical APDL Theory Reference.

Portions of this command are not supported by PowerGraphics [/GRAPHICS,POWER].